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Introduction:
Religion is different ways of life people follow with certain circumstances. There are large, different groups of those people who share the same beliefs and practice the same practices. All religions have certain requirements for the people in that religion including marriage, sexuality, equality, violence, clothing, food, etc. A topic that caught my attention and seemed interesting was marriage in religions. In all religions, there are certain rules you must follow when it comes to marriage. Religions such as Hinduism & Buddhism share different thoughts about the way marriage should be expressed & handled. This brochure will discuss and compare marriage practices in two major religions; Hinduism & Buddhism.

Hinduism:

1) "Neither bride nor groom should already be married or have a living husband or wife. A divorced person, a widow or widower is free to remarry; Both should have reached the minimum age for marriage: 18 years in case of the bride and 21 in case of the groom….” (Sacred Text)

Analysis:
The reasoning for marriage in Hinduism seems legit and understandable. Hindus are required to have a “clean” life and their partner should have no complications with past relationships. The bride has to be eighteen years or older and the groom must be twenty-one or older. The age difference is the question. Why does the man have to wait until he is twenty-one and the women can marry at a younger age? This is a prime example of inequality. It seems as though in Hinduism women are looked at as more mature than men because of this age gap.

2) “This samskar marks the start of the second and the most important stage of life called the Grihistha Ashrama, which involves setting up of a new family unit.” (Secondary Source)

Analysis:
Marriage is the start of a new life for Hindus. It's the beginning of a new family unit. Though marriage is praised in Hinduism, there are very specific rules that come with it. After reading about all the difficulties in marriage for this religion, it doesn't seem like an equalized culture, but the reasons do seem realistic to the many that follow this religion.

3) “The aims of Hindu marriage are said to be dharma, praja (progeny) and rati (pleasure). Through sex is one of the function of marriage it is given third place, indicating there by that it is least desirable aim of the marriage.” (Secondary Source)

Analysis:
Sex isn’t the top thought that should be on a Hindus mind. In fact, it is as if sex is dismissed. Hindus believe that sex isn’t the aim of a marriage, and one shouldn’t dwell on it. That is true and very relatable in other religions/the world. The main focus of a marriage should never just be about sex, but it should be about true love.


Buddhism:

1) “My child, you are at an age when it would be well to think of marriage. If there is some maid that pleases you, tell me.” (Sacred Text)

Analysis:
This quote seems to be a bit much for a child. Who would speak to a child in this manner? It seems to be a bit inappropriate. This shows that Buddhists seem to not have a specific age where marriage should be exposed/talked about or done.

2) “The Buddhist views on marriage are very liberal: in Buddhism, marriage is regarded entirely as personal and individual concern, and not as a religious duty…..Buddhism allows each individual the freedom to decide for himself all the issues pertaining to marriage.” (Secondary Source)

Analysis:
Compared to Hindus, Buddhists are very laid back about getting into marriage. They think that is it completely up to you whether or not you want to be in that type of commitment. They allow their people to be free and choose their lives & the things they put in it. But, once YOU put yourself in a marriage situation, a way out of it is not prohibited.

3) “Separation or divorce is not prohibited in Buddhism though the necessity would scarcely arise if the Buddha's injunctions were strictly followed…..” (Secondary Source)

Analysis:
Like Hinduism, Buddhists prohibit separation or divorce. They say it doesn’t make any sense to get into a marriage if you are just going to leave. When you get married it isn’t something that is chosen, it is more of peoples destiny which is also believed by Hindus. In Buddhism, you have the choice of getting married. If you followed Buddha’s rules and got married under Buddhism law, there is no need to leave.

Conclusion:
All religions have something that makes them unique and stand out. Some share similar beliefs, and others have beliefs that are completely the opposite of each other. Marriage shapes certain religions in a way that may seem unjust. Religions like Hinduism have more structure towards their marriage practices and beliefs, while Buddhism have a more laid back system. Like stated before, religion is what people think is practical to believe in and these are some beliefs that these two religions have when marriage is brought up. Hinduism seems like it will have more extremists when it comes to marriage because they are more strict about their standards. Buddhists have their own marriage policy as well, but it isn’t as mandatory as the beliefs of Hindus.


Sources:

1) Anonymous. SECTION CXCI. N.p., 27 Nov. 2004. Web. < http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m05/m05191.htm>.

2) 7. The Marriage of Siddhartha. Anonymous, 05 Sept. 2003. Web. <http://www.sacred-texts.com/bud/lob/lob09.htm">.

3) "What Buddhists Believe - Buddhist Views on Marriage." What Buddhists Believe - Buddhist Views on Marriage. Anonymous, n.d. Web. <http://www.budsas.org/ebud/whatbudbeliev/237.htm>.

4) BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/rs/relationships/himarriageanddivorcerev1.shtml>.

5) A Happy Married Life: A Buddhist Perspective. Anonymous, 2005. Web. <http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/dhammananda/marriage.html>.